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Wawrinka cruises by Murray in seismic U.S. Open shocker

May 14th, 2019 | Posted by admin in 上海性息 - (Comments Off on Wawrinka cruises by Murray in seismic U.S. Open shocker)

Ninth-seeded Wawrinka dominated an out of sorts Murray 6-4 6-3 6-2 in just over two hours, winning the battle from the baseline and the net against the Wimbledon champion.

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The victory on a wind-blown Arthur Ashe Stadium court lifted the 28-year-old Swiss to his first grand slam semi-final.

The surging Wawrinka, who raised his 2013 record to 41-15 with the upset win, raised both arms in triumph after third seed Murray dumped a second-serve return into the net on match point.

“It feels amazing for sure, especially here,” the excited Swiss said. “He’s defending champion, he’s a tough opponent. It was a crazy match for me. To beat him in three sets is just amazing.”

Wawrinka broke the Scotsman four times and never faced a break point against a player noted for his ability to return.

The Swiss cracked 45 winners past a listless Murray and won 31 of 42 forays to the net in the one-sided match.

Murray admitted to something of a Wimbledon hangover after ending a drought of 77 years without a British winner since Fred Perry’s 1936 triumph at the All England Club.

“When you work hard for something for a lot of years, it’s going to take a bit of time to really fire yourself up and get yourself training 110 percent,” the Scotsman said.

“That’s something that I think is kind of natural after what happened at Wimbledon. But I got here. I got to the quarter-finals of a slam, which isn’t easy.”

Much more was expected of Murray, as it was for the other Swiss player that factored at Flushing Meadows – Roger Federer.

SEISMIC SHOCKER

Murray’s loss was the second seismic shocker to strike the men’s draw in the last two rounds following the straight sets dismissal of five-time U.S. Open champion Federer in the fourth round by Spain’s Tommy Robredo.

Robredo’s rousing victory robbed fans of a quarter-finals match between Federer and Rafa Nadal that would have marked the first U.S. Open meeting ever between the two champions, who have met 31 times elsewhere around the world.

Wawrinka’s victory sank the possibility of a Murray semi-final against top seed Novak Djokovic that would have reprised their 2012 U.S. Open and 2013 Wimbledon finals.

Djokovic was playing the last men’s quarter-final against 21st-ranked Mikhail Youzhny of Russia in Thursday’s night match.

Murray complained about the breezy conditions, but credited Wawrinka for playing a brilliant match.

“He played great. He hit big shots. He passed extremely well. He hit a lot of lines on big points. He served well. That was it,” said Murray. “He played a great match.”

Another upset was registered earlier when American twins Bob and Mike Bryan fell short in their bid to capture a calendar-year grand slam when they lost to Czech Radek Stepanek and India’s Leander Paes in the men’s doubles semi-finals.

The top-seeded brothers, who won this year’s Australian Open, French Open and Wimbledon men’s doubles titles, fell 3-6 6-3 6-4.

“We’re very disappointed,” said Bob Bryan. “We hate to lose and we knew what was riding on this match and the opportunity of what we could have accomplished.”

The Bryans were hoping to become the first pairing to complete the calendar slam since Australia’s Ken McGregor and Frank Sedgman in 1951.

(Editing by Frank Pingue)

Stuart set to stay with us says Eels boss

May 14th, 2019 | Posted by admin in 上海性息 - (Comments Off on Stuart set to stay with us says Eels boss)

Interim Parramatta boss Matt Phelan says he expects Ricky Stuart to see out his contract with the Eels and be coaching at the NRL club next season and beyond.

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Stuart’s future has been the subject of intense speculation amid reports he has been offered a seven year $7 million dollar deal to coach Canberra, the club he won three premierships as a player, starting next year after they sacked David Furner last month.

The former Australia, NSW, Cronulla and Sydney Roosters mentor has done little to quash that speculation with some predicting he will announce his decision to leave the Eels shortly after their final round match against Newcastle at Hunter Stadium on Sunday.

But Phelan, the latest in a long line of chief executives to head up the embattled club, told the Eels website he is confident 2002 premiership winning coach Stuart will be at the club in 2014 and 2015.

“The number one issue on everyone’s lips is around our head coach Ricky Stuart,” Phelan said.

“Ricky Stuart has given no indication to me that he will not be coaching at this great club for 2014 and 2015.

“He is completely focused on this weekend’s fixture against the Newcastle Knights and all other conversations have been around our pre-season and pre-planning for 2014.”

Phelan also took aim at continuing reports over the disharmony of the Eels board, which many blame for the club’s current predicament – they will collect their second straight wooden spoon on Sunday – and for Stuart’s speculated desire to leave.

“I attend board meetings monthly and I speak to our board members on a day-to-day basis, specifically our chairman, Steve Sharp and I have seen no indication that they are not working towards the success of Parramatta in 2014 and beyond,” Phelan said.

“Every conversation I have with them, whether it be in a board meeting or individually, is focused on the success of this great club and returning it to the number one football club in the NRL.”

The right bacteria might help fight fat

May 14th, 2019 | Posted by admin in 上海性息 - (Comments Off on The right bacteria might help fight fat)

Call it a hidden ally: The right germs just might be able to help fight fat.

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Different kinds of bacteria that live inside the gut can help spur obesity or protect against it, say scientists at Washington University in St Louis who transplanted intestinal germs from fat or lean people into mice and watched the rodents change.

And what they ate determined whether the good germs could move in and do the job.

Thursday’s report raises the possibility of one day turning gut bacteria into personalised fat-fighting therapies, and it may help explain why some people have a harder time losing weight than others do.

“It’s an important player,” said Dr David Relman of Stanford University, who also studies how gut bacteria influence health but wasn’t involved in the new research.

“This paper says that diet and microbes are necessary companions in all of this. They literally and figuratively feed each other.”

The research was reported in the journal Science.

We all develop with an essentially sterile digestive tract. Bacteria rapidly move in starting at birth – bugs that we pick up from mom and dad, the environment, first foods.

Ultimately, the intestine teems with hundreds of species, populations that differ in people with varying health.

Overweight people harbour different types and amounts of gut bacteria than lean people, for example.

The gut bacteria we pick up as children can stick with us for decades, although their makeup changes when people lose weight, previous studies have shown.

Clearly, what you eat and how much you move are key to how much you weigh.

But are those bacterial differences a contributing cause of obesity, rather than simply the result of it?

If so, which bugs are to blame, and might it be possible to switch out the bad actors?

To start finding out, Washington University graduate student Vanessa Ridaura took gut bacteria from eight people – four pairs of twins that each included one obese sibling and one lean sibling.

One pair of twins was identical, ruling out an inherited explanation for their different weights. Using twins also guaranteed similar childhood environments and diets.

She transplanted the human microbes into the intestines of young mice that had been raised germ-free.

The mice who received gut bacteria from the obese people gained more weight – and experienced unhealthy metabolic changes – even though they didn’t eat more than the mice who received germs from the lean twins, said study senior author Dr Jeffrey Gordon, director of Washington University’s Center of Genome Sciences and Systems Biology.

Then came what Gordon calls the battle of the microbes.

Mice that harboured gut bacteria from a lean person were put in the same cages as mice that harboured the obesity-prone germs. The research team took advantage of an icky fact of rodent life: Mice eat faeces, so presumably they could easily swap intestinal bugs.

What happened was a surprise. Certain bacteria from the lean mice invaded the intestines of the fatter mice, and their weight and metabolism improved. But the trade was one-way – the lean mice weren’t affected.

Moreover, the fatter mice got the bacterial benefit only when they were fed a low-fat, high-fibre diet.

When Ridaura substituted the higher-fat, lower-fibre diet typical of Americans, the protective bug swap didn’t occur.

Why? Gordon already knew from human studies that obese people harbour less diverse gut bacteria. “It was almost as if there were potential job vacancies” in their intestines that the lean don’t have, he explained.

Sure enough, a closer look at the mice that benefited from the bug swap suggests a specific type of bacteria, from a family named Bacteroidetes, moved into previously unoccupied niches in their colons – if the rodents ate right.

How might those findings translate to people? For a particularly hard-to-treat diarrhoeal infection, doctors sometimes transplant stool from a healthy person into the sick person’s intestine. Some scientists wonder if faecal transplants from the lean to the fat might treat obesity, too.

But Gordon foresees a less invasive alternative: Determining the best combinations of intestinal bacteria to match a person’s diet, and then growing those bugs in sterile lab dishes – like this study could – and turning them into pills. He estimates such an attempt would take at least five more years of research.

Syrian rebels try to overrun village

May 14th, 2019 | Posted by admin in 上海性息 - (Comments Off on Syrian rebels try to overrun village)

The sound of artillery reverberated through a predominantly Christian village north of Damascus as government troops and al-Qaeda-linked rebels battled for control of the mountainside sanctuary.

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The hit-and-run attacks on the ancient village of Maaloula, one of the few places in the world where residents still speak Aramaic, highlighted fears among Syria’s religious minorities about the growing role of extremists among those fighting in the civil war to topple President Bashar Assad’s regime.

The fighting comes as President Barack Obama’s administration pressed the US Congress for its authorisation of a military strike against the Assad regime, while the president arrived at a G-20 summit in Russia expected to be overshadowed by Syria.

The fighting in Maaloula, a scenic village of about 3300 perched high in the mountains, began early on Wednesday when militants from Jabhat al-Nusra stormed in after a suicide bomber struck an army checkpoint guarding the entrance.

The group – listed as a terrorist organisation by the US State Department – is one of the most effective fighting forces among Syrian rebels. The suicide attack triggered battles that terrorised residents in the village, famous for two of the oldest surviving monasteries in Syria – Mar Sarkis and Mar Takla.

Online video showed rebels in the streets, some firing truck-mounted heavy machine guns in the direction of the surrounding mountains. The video appeared authentic and matched Associated Press reporting on the fighting.

Residents said on Wednesday the rebels took over the mountaintop Safir hotel and were firing in the direction of the community below.

Rami Abdul-Rahman, director of the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, said that despite a heavy army presence in the village, the rebels staged hit-and-run attacks, at one point patrolling the streets on foot and in vehicles, and briefly surrounding a church and a mosque before leaving early Thursday.

Heavy fighting around the village, which is on a UNESCO list of tentative world heritage sites – continued throughout the day, and heavy artillery echoed in the village.

“The stones are shaking,” said a nun at the Mar Takla monastery. “We don’t know if the rebels have left or not, nobody dares go out.”

Al-Mayadeen TV, a Lebanese station who has an embed with the Syrian army, broadcast live images from the area Thursday evening that showed smoke rising from behind the hotel, suggesting the military was shelling it.

The nun said about 100 people from the village took refuge in the St. Takla convent that she helps run. The 27 orphans who live there had been taken to nearby caves overnight “so they were not scared,” she said.

Maaloula, about 60km northeast of Damascus, had been firmly under the regime’s grip, despite sitting in the middle of rebel-held territory east and north of the capital. The village was a major tourist attraction before the civil war. Some of its residents still speak a version of Aramaic, the language of biblical times believed to have been used by Jesus.

Focused plant protection needed

May 14th, 2019 | Posted by admin in 上海性息 - (Comments Off on Focused plant protection needed)

More than two thirds of the world’s plants could be protected by focusing on just 17 per cent of the Earth’s land surface.

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Researchers used a computer program to identify the smallest set of regions that could contain the largest numbers of plant species.

Scientists say that challenging “tactical decisions” had to be made to secure the most critical land within each region for conservation.

“To achieve these goals, we need to protect more land, on average, than we currently do and much more in key places such as Madagascar, New Guinea and Ecuador,” said research leader Professor Stuart Pimm, from Duke University in the US.

Plant species are not haphazardly distributed around the planet, according to the findings in Science journal.

Areas including Central America, the Caribbean, the Northern Andes and parts of Africa and Asia have much higher concentrations of vulnerable endemic species found nowhere else.

“Species endemic to small geographical ranges are at a much higher risk of being threatened or endangered than those with large ranges,” said Dr Lucas Joppa, a conservation scientist based at Microsoft Research’s Computational Science Laboratory in Cambridge, UK.

“We combined regions to maximise the numbers of species in the minimal area. With that information, we can more accurately evaluate each region’s relative importance for conservation, and assess international priorities accordingly.”

The scientists analysed data on more than 100,000 different species of flowering plants stored at the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew in west London.

“We also mapped where the greatest numbers of small-ranged birds, mammals and amphibians occur and found that they are broadly in the same places we show to be priorities for plants,” said US co-author Dr Clinton Jenkins, from North Carolina State University.

“So preserving these lands for plants will benefit many animals, too.”

Two of the most ambitious aims of the 2010 Convention on Biological Diversity are to protect at least 17% of the Earth’s land and 60% of its plants.

Barty, Dellacqua through to US Open final

May 14th, 2019 | Posted by admin in 上海性息 - (Comments Off on Barty, Dellacqua through to US Open final)

Australia pair Ashleigh Barty and Casey Dellacqua have won through to the final of the US Open women’s doubles with a 6-2 6-2 defeat of India’s Sania Mirza and China’s Jie Zheng.

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The eighth seeded Australians dominated most of the semi-final and will now play the winner of the other semi-final between the unseeded Williams sisters Serena and Venus and fifth-seeded Czech duo Andrea Hlavackova and Lucie Hradecka.

Earlier, Bob and Mike Bryan’s hopes of becoming the first men’s doubles team since 1951 to claim a calendar year grand slam were shattered on Thursday at the US Open by India’s Leander Paes and Czech Radek Stepanek.

The fourth seeds downed the top-seeded Americans 3-6 6-3 6-4 in the semi-finals, ending the US brothers’ hopes of sweeping the Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon and the US Open in the same year.

The only men’s doubles duo to complete a calendar year grand slam remains the Australian pairing of Ken McGregor and Frank Sedgman in 1951.

“Realistically it will probably never happen,” said Mike Bryan as he reflected on a chance for history gone begging.

“The margins are just so fine in doubles. There are just too many great teams out there and too much can go wrong, and a lot has to go right to be in that position. So we gave it everything we had.”

Paes, 40, and 34-year-old Stepanek, who won the 2012 Australian Open, will face second-seeded Austrian Alexander Peya and Brazil’s Bruno Soares in Sunday’s final.

“I have great respect for the Bryan boys. They are great ambassadors for US tennis,” said Paes, the winner of seven men’s doubles titles at the majors.

“But I have a great partner in Radek. He had spinal surgery this year and has fought his way back after a tough year. So when we play together we feel anything is possible.”

Stepanek, who was out for four months to recover from surgery, said he and Paes may develop a new celebration style in the final after showing off a well-synchronised ‘crab dance’ on Arthur Ashe Stadium on Thursday.

“It just felt natural to do it as we have a lot of fun on court. Maybe we will have something in the final,” he said.

The Bryans, who were defending champions, had already become the first pair to hold all four majors at the same time when they captured a third Wimbledon title in July.

They also won the London Olympics in 2012.

Bob Bryan admitted that they can still take consolation from their record of having all four majors at the same time.

“The media and everything shifted towards the calendar year Grand Slam. So it’s a never ending run of history and records, and there is always something on the horizon,” he said.

“What makes this sport so fun is there’s always the next goal. We’ll figure out what we’re going to focus on next, but we did give each other a hug and said, Great run.”

Canadian family goes Luddite

May 14th, 2019 | Posted by admin in 上海性息 - (Comments Off on Canadian family goes Luddite)

A Canadian family is going viral with a novel idea.

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It has banned all technology that was made after 1986 as a way to get their young children to play outside more.

Blair McMillan, 27, and girlfriend Morgan, 27, and their children Trey, 2, and Denton, 5, are planning to live like it’s 1986 for at least a year.

“No cell phones, no computers, no internet. I basically wanted to mould it around my household when I was growing up,” McMillan told The Morning Edition on Thursday. “I used to live outside, playing outside, and I realised how different my kids are.”

The family’s experiment has been widely reported in the Canadian and US press, with many readers applauding their efforts.

“Good for them and their kids. It takes initiative and courage to do what they’re doing,” said a commenter on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation website.

According to the Toronto Sun, Blair hit upon the idea when the children could not tear themselves away from their parents’ iPhones and iPads long enough to kick a ball around in the garden.

The new rule means their home is now without internet, GPS devices and smartphones, and no digital cameras or cable television.

To listen to music, they rummage through a pile of cassettes. If they need information, they consult a set of encyclopedia donated by a bemused neighbour. If MacMillan needs to find his way, he consults a paper map.

The 1986 date was the year both the parents were born and reflects a longing for the more traditional childhood they enjoyed.

“We’re parenting our kids the same way we were parented, for a year, just to see what it’s like,” said Blair, who even sports a strange 1980s haircut.

The parents did feel anxiety about closing their Facebook accounts, and Blair even says he felt a phantom mobile phone buzzing in his pocket for a few days, but now they feel it has brought the family together.

“We’re just closer – there’s more talking,” he said.

Davenport heads list of Hall of Fame nominations

May 14th, 2019 | Posted by admin in 上海性息 - (Comments Off on Davenport heads list of Hall of Fame nominations)

The 37-year-old Davenport produced 55 singles titles and a 753-194 record over a 17-year career that included grand slam titles at the 1998 U.

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S. Open, 1999 Wimbledon, and 2000 Australian Open.

She also won a gold medal at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics and had a 33-3 record in Fed Cup competition for the United States.

Frenchwoman Pierce, known for her hard-hitting game, won 18 singles titles while compiling a 511-237 record that included triumphs at the 1995 Australian Open and 2000 French Open.

She was also on France’s Fed Cup team for 10 years, playing an important role in helping the nation win their two titles in 1997 and 2003. She was also a member of the French Olympic Team in 1992, 1996, and 2004.

Martinez, 41, had 33 singles titles during her career, none bigger than her win over Martina Navratilova in the 1994 singles final at the All England Club to become the only Spanish woman to ever win the title.

Also nominated in the recent player category is Dutchwoman Chantal Vandierendonck, 48, who became the first ITF World Champion for wheelchair tennis in 1991.

Nominated in the contributor category for their work toward the growth and development of the sport are: tennis coach Nick Bollettieri, who has guided 10 players to world No. 1 status; Jane Brown Grimes, who has held executive leadership roles with the WTA, USTA, and the International Tennis Hall of Fame; and British tennis broadcaster and author John Barrett.

The Hall of Fame’s 2014 class will be announced early next year and an induction ceremony will be held on July 12.

Located in Newport, Rhode Island, the International Tennis Hall of Fame has inducted 235 people representing 20 countries since 1955.

(Reporting by Frank Pingue in Toronto; Editing by Steve Keating)